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Faces of Schizophrenia You May Know

Vincent van Gogh文森·威廉·梵谷

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Today he's one of the world's most celebrated painters, but van Gogh struggled with mental illness throughout his life. Different stories of his behavior make some scholars think he had schizophrenia. According to one account, van Gogh, during an argument with fellow painter Paul Gauguin, heard someone in his ear say, "Kill him." Instead, he took a knife and cut part of his own ear off. Other psychiatrists think he might have had depression or bipolar disorder instead。

文森·威廉·梵谷(荷蘭語:Vincent Willem van Gogh,1853年3月30日-1890年7月29日),荷蘭後印象派畫家。他是表現主義的先驅,並深深影響了二十世紀藝術,尤其是野獸派與德國表現主義。梵谷的作品,如《星夜》、《向日葵》、《有烏鴉的麥田》等,現已躋身於全球最具名、廣為人知的藝術作品的行列。他在2004年票選最偉大的荷蘭人當中,排名第十,次於第九偉大的17世紀畫家倫勃朗。
1861年梵谷開始受教育,在學習語言包括法語、德語及英語表現不錯,但在1868年3月中斷學業,並在1869年7月在國際藝術品交易商公司見習。經歷了短暫的教職生涯後,他成為傳教士,向貧困的採礦工人傳教。直到大約27歲時,梵谷才開始了他的畫家生涯;然而,在他生前的最後十年間,卻創作了超過二千幅畫,包括約900幅油畫與1100幅素描。[1]梵谷早期只以灰暗色系進行創作,直到他在巴黎遇見了印象派與新印象派。梵谷融入了他們的鮮豔色彩與畫風,創造了他獨特的個人畫風,尤其在梵谷待在法國亞爾的那段時間,發展已臻成熟。他最著名的作品多半是他在生前最後二年創作的,期間梵谷深陷於精神疾病中,其最後在他37歲那年將他導向自殺一途。
梵谷一生中的核心人物是他的弟弟西奧,其從不間斷、無私的提供梵谷經濟資助。有種說法是梵谷生前出售的畫作《紅色的葡萄園》也是由他的弟弟拜託友人購得。[2]他們終身的友誼可於他們在1872年8月前往來的多封書信間查證。

Jim Gordon

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For about 2 decades, Gordon was one of the most in-demand drummers in the rock world, working with John Lennon, Frank Zappa, and Jackson Browne, to name a few. He won a Grammy for co-writing Eric Clapton's hit, "Layla."  But in 1983, while he had symptoms of schizophrenia, he killed his mother. Gordon remains behind bars and is taking medication for the disorder. His attorney, Scott Furstman, called the case "tragic," adding, "He truly believed he was acting in self-defense."

1983 年,知名鼓手 Jim Gordon 失控中殺死母親。

Veronica Lake

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The movie star, who turned millions of heads in the 1940s, was known for her roles in "Sullivan's Travels," "This Gun for Hire," and "Blue Dahlia." She was diagnosed with schizophrenia as a child, according to the biography Peekaboo. Her parents thought acting would help control the condition. But in Hollywood, she was known for her difficult nature on-set: A 1944 magazine article speculated about "what precise moment her time-bomb mind will explode." But Lake shrugged it off, saying, "Women are always trouble to unimaginative men."

維若妮卡·蕾克(Veronica Lake,1922年11月14日[1]-1973年7月7日)是一位美國著名女電影演員[2],活躍於1940年代。維若妮卡原名康士坦絲·法蘭西絲·瑪麗·奧克曼(Constance Frances Marie Ockelman),是第一位依靠髮型Peek-a-boo成名的演員,她在1940年代初期紅透半邊天,但她的事業在30歲時隨她改變髮型而下滑。

 

John Nash, Jr., PhD

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Nash's life was portrayed in the book and movie A Beautiful Mind. By age 30, he was known as one of the world’s best mathematicians. Then delusions and other schizophrenia symptoms took hold. He lived with them for 20 years before he slowly improved and went back to work at Princeton University. In 1994, he won the Nobel Prize in Economics. After Nash and his wife died in a car crash in 2015, New Jersey Sen. Richard Codey said, "He was very candid about his illness and we're all better off for it."

小約翰·富比士·奈許(英語:John Forbes Nash Jr.,1928年6月13日-2015年5月23日),美國數學家,前麻省理工學院摩爾榮譽講師,主要研究賽局理論、微分幾何學和偏微分方程。晚年為普林斯頓大學的資深研究數學家。
1950年,奈許獲得美國普林斯頓大學的博士學位,他在僅僅28頁的博士論文中提出了一個重要概念,成為賽局理論中一項重要突破。這個概念被稱為「納許均衡」,廣泛運用在經濟學、計算機科學、演化生物學、人工智慧、會計學、政策和軍事理論等方面。1994年,他和其他兩位賽局理論學家約翰·海薩尼和萊因哈德·澤爾騰共同獲得了諾貝爾經濟學獎。
他最重要的數學成就是在微分幾何和偏微分方程的領域,特別是黎曼流形等距嵌入到歐氏空間的一系列結果。因為在非線性偏微分方程上的貢獻,他與路易·尼倫伯格共同獲得了2015年阿貝爾獎。著名幾何學家米哈伊爾·格羅莫夫評價奈許的工作:「他有巨大的分析(指數學分析)能力與幾何洞察力結合。……他的幾何工作,不論是他的結果、技術、用的想法,都與任何人原先預期的相反。……他在幾何學所做的,從我看來,比起他在經濟學所做的無可比擬地偉大得多,相差很多個數量級。」[1]
在1959年之後,由於出現精神上的症狀,他的研究生涯曾經中斷,在1959年及1961年兩度進入醫院療養,被診斷為思覺失調症。奈許拒絕接受精神藥物治療,在1970年後,症狀逐漸好轉,因此再度回到學術研究工作。他這段時間的經歷,由Sylvia Nasar寫成傳記,並翻拍為電影《美麗境界》,使得他的事蹟廣為人知。

就是這部電影啦

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Lionel Aldridge

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After a stellar football career in the 1960s, Aldridge made it into the Green Bay Packer Hall of Fame, then covered the game as an analyst for NBC. But in his 30s, he became paranoid, had hallucinations, and was diagnosed with schizophrenia. For a while he was homeless. But with the help of medications, he regained control. He spoke publicly about his condition for many years before his death in 1998. His message: "People can and do recover from mental illness."

Peter Green

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Green, a rock guitarist and founder of the group Fleetwood Mac, struggled with symptoms of schizophrenia. After he was admitted to a mental hospital, he began a slow recovery. Green now focuses on the basics in life: "I used to worry and make things very complicated. Now I keep it simple."

彼得·格林(英語:Peter Green,1946年10月29日-),英國布魯斯搖滾吉他手,也是Fleetwood Mac樂隊創建人之一。 格林是英國布魯斯運動重要人物,2003年在滾石雜誌評選的一百大吉他手排名里位列第38

What to Know About Schizophrenia

The disorder affects people in different ways. Some people hear voices or think others are plotting against them. They might not make sense when they talk. Others might sit for hours without moving or speaking. Some people can be violent, though many are not. Once symptoms begin, usually in the late teens, 20s, or early 30s, they last for a lifetime. There’s no cure, but medications, talk therapy, and other treatments can help people manage the illness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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