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瑜珈課程有助於預防年長的中風患者跌倒

Practicing yoga after a stroke may help rebuild balance and prevent potentially disabling falls among the elderly, a study shows.

The study shows stroke survivors who participated in a specialized post-stroke yoga class improved their balance by up to 34%.

Researchers say the participants also experienced a big boost in their own self-confidence after their yoga practice and became more physically active in their communities.

"It also was interesting to see how much the men liked it," says researcher Arlene A. Schmid, assistant professor of occupational therapy in the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis, in a news release.

Schmid says many of the participants wanted to continue their yoga practice at home after the study ended.

"They enjoyed it so much partly because they weren't getting any other treatment. They had already completed their rehabilitation but felt there still was room for improvement," Schmid says.

Previous research shows the risk of falls and breaking a hip increase significantly after a stroke and also increase with age.

年長者中風後做瑜伽,對於重建平衡、避免跌倒有幫助。
  
  中風倖存者參加專門的中風後瑜珈課程,平衡感可以改善34%;研究人員表示,參與者在做瑜珈後的自信心也大幅提升、在社區中也較為活潑。
  
  普渡大學的Arlene A. Schmid表示,看到有這麼多人喜歡它也很有意思,有許多參與者希望在研究結束後繼續在家中練習瑜伽;他們會這麼喜歡它,部分原因是他們沒有接受其他任何治療,已經完成了康復訓練,但認為仍有改進的地方。
  
  之前的研究顯示,中風後跌倒的風險和髖關節破裂顯著地增加,也會隨著年齡而增加。
  
  研究人員在這個小型、初步的研究中,觀察20位平均66歲、中風後存活下來的老兵做瑜珈對平衡感和整體的健康與信心有何影響,參與者最初是坐在椅子上做瑜珈,最後,所有人都能在地板上做這些姿勢。
  
  在研究結束時,參與者的平衡感提高了17%(根據Berg平衡量表),根據Fullerton平衡量表提高了34%,尤其Berg平衡量表的平均得分由40增加到47,顯示他們不再處於跌倒的高風險;另外,耐力和自信心也有改善。
  
  這個研究結果是初步的,結果顯示,為中風倖存者開設的專門瑜珈課程可減少跌倒的風險。
  
  這篇研究發表在丹佛舉行的美國大學運動醫學年會上。
  
  資料來源:http://www.24drs.com/WebMD/chinese_t.asp?page=1&who=091e9c5e80811e20 

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